Landscaping design is both an art and an independent profession, practiced by many landscape architects, blending art and science. In modern practice, landscape architecture blends the practical with the aesthetic, incorporating science with art as a powerful creative force. Many professional landscape architects also undertake independent research and educational projects. The profession enjoys a strong connection to landscape and botany research and education.
Landscaping occurs when a yard or other such area adds value to a home by creating a pleasant and practical focal point for the home. Such gardens are typically smaller than traditional gardens in size and design. However, they can encompass larger areas than typical backyard gardens. A common element of such a garden is the use of certain landscapes or building materials. For example, brick pavers, stone, concrete, and other landscape features are used to enhance the look and feel of residential yards.
The common denominator of all landscape architecture is the use of space. It is used to improve the look of a landscape and its supporting structures, such as houses and streets, through the use of natural landscape features. Urban planners often compare this to the function of a playground in that it allows people to exercise and interact within a limited space. A well-designed yard, they argue, can increase property value and enhance residents’ physical and mental health.
One important aspect of landscaping design is the integration of plant life into the yard. Plant life should be seen as a part of the landscape, rather than a separate entity that should be contained in individual garden structures, such as potted plants or flowers. This is particularly important for yards with small amounts of plants, as these require more attention to detail and care. A well-designed garden has several different types of plant life living within it, including birds, mammals, insects, and trees.
When designing a yard for a residence or business, it is important to decide which landscaping terms are important for the design. Some landscaping terms are simply used to describe a certain element in the yard, such as grass. Other landscaping terms can be used to describe how the elements of the yard interrelate. For instance, hardscape landscapes include brick patios, wood decks, rock gardens, stone pavers, and other hardscape features.
Within landscaping design, there are three main types: landscape planning, softscape planning, and urban design. Landscape planning refers to the systematic arrangement of the different elements of a yard or other landscape. With the use of landscape planning, an architect can incorporate existing natural features and create new ones that will compliment the intended design.
One of the most important characteristics of a landscape design is the use of ground cover. This may include plants, trees, shrubs, or other elements. In most cases, ground cover is utilized to provide protection from weather. However, in recent years, ground cover has been used to enhance the aesthetic appearance of yards as well. This is because many modern landscaping designs attempt to blend the aesthetic qualities of plants and animals with the overall design theme of the yard.
Another characteristic is the use of plants. These may be selected based on their attractiveness, color schemes, height, water requirements, soil condition, height, and frequency of growth, among other things. Some landscaping designers prefer a certain type of plant and animal life to be used in their landscape designs. They may have a particular preference or they may have no pre-conceived notions at all. Regardless, many designers will incorporate certain plants and animals based on scientific studies or personal preference.